International Affairs - SAF/GCI
Michael W. Zehner
Deputy General Counsel
International Affairs attorneys resolve legal issues involving international agreements, foreign operations, international cooperative Research, Development, Test, and Engineering (RDT&E), security cooperation, Law of Armed Conflict, international intelligence operations, activities in outer space, air law, cyber/ information operations, European Union, NATO and many other international matters involving the Department of the Air Force. The division represents Air Force legal interests in a variety of international fora, including meetings of United Nations Committees, Boards of NATO Organizations, multinational satellite organizations and other international bodies. The International Affairs attorneys work closely with the legal offices of the other military departments, the Office of the Secretary of Defense, State, NSA, CIA, Commerce and NASA, as well as many foreign governments and international organizations. The office supports the Secretariat and Headquarters Air Force, as well as MAJCOMs [SAF/GCI also has an office in Brussels, Belgium].
Security Cooperation and Other Support to Foreign Forces
Attorneys provide legal advice on a wide variety of international transactions under the Arms Export Control Act, the Foreign Assistance Act and other legal authorities including:
-- Foreign Military Sales
--Foreign Disclosure and Security -- International Leases
-- Presidential Drawdowns of Defense Articles and Services
-- Export Licenses and International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) Issues
-- Acquisition and Cross-Servicing
-- Foreign Training in CONUS -- Support to Coalition Forces
-- Joint and Combined Exercises
International Cooperative Programs
Attorneys advise on international programs involving cooperation with allies and friendly nations, including acquisition of major aircraft and space systems, pilot training, cooperative RDT&E and production, international standardization and other areas that include:
-- NATO Airborne Early Warning and Control (AEW&C) Program
-- NATO C-17 Program --NATO Alliance Ground Surveillance --NATO Tactical Leadership Program (TLP) -- EURO-NATO Joint Jet Pilot Training (ENJJPT) Program
-- F-16 Multi-National Fighter Program
-- International Standardization
-- Personnel Exchange Programs
-- Joint Use Arrangements
US Operations Outside CONUS
Attorneys advise on legal issues affecting the conduct of military operations overseas, including:
-- Foreign Basing or Operating Rights
-- Status of Forces
-- Legal Status of Military Aircraft (e.g. inspection, payment of fees)
-- Overflights, Aircraft Clearances, and International Civil Aviation (ICAO)
-- Law of Armed Conflict
-- Base Closure
-- Disposal of USAF Property Overseas
-- International Intelligence Operations
Attorneys provide legal advice on arms control issues, such as assisting in drafting, negotiating, and interpreting agreements, and providing advice on compliance issues.
International Agreement Procedures
Attorneys advise on the negotiation and conclusion of international agreements both substantively and procedurally (e.g., DoD Directive 5530.3, AFI 51-701, Case Act).
Overseas Environmental Issues
Attorneys assist in the development, interpretation, and implementation of regulatory guidance on overseas environmental programs. This includes OCONUS base environmental responsibilities, overseas base closure, foreign environmental civil litigation, and other international environmental matters. Attorneys also handle legal issues related to overseas environmental correspondence from Members of Congress, foreign and domestic media, and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs).
Outer Space Operations and Policies
Attorneys provide legal advice on the law of outer space generally, military operations in outer space, space cooperation with other nations, relations with foreign and international space agencies, orbital debris, International Meteorological Satellite Programs, USAF, DoD, and National Space Policies, Space Arms Control and serve as advisors to the US Delegation to the United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space.
Attorneys provide legal advice and guidance on the development, acquisition, deployment, and employment of computer network capabilities.